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    當前位置:首頁 > 新聞中心 > 行業新聞園林假山堆疊的常見的工藝有哪些?

    園林假山堆疊的常見的工藝有哪些?

    來源:/industry/607.html  更新時間:2023-03-22
    見假山堆疊手法是用于園林假山制作中假山基層做好的情況下,中層部分的安裝和連接方式,園林假山制作中會用到的假山連接手法有安、壓、錯、搭、連、夾、挑、飄、頂、斗、劵、卡、托、劍、榫、撐、接等23種連接方式,本文就使用較為頻繁的幾種工藝技法進行介紹。
    The rockery stacking method is used to install and connect the middle layer of the rockery when the base layer of the rockery is well prepared in the production of garden rockeries. The rockery connection methods used in the production of garden rockeries include 23 connection methods, such as installation, pressing, staggering, erecting, connecting, clamping, lifting, floating, top, bucket, bond, card, holder, sword, tenon, brace, and joint. This article will introduce several process techniques that are frequently used.
    【安】將一塊山石平放在一塊幾塊山石之上的疊石方法就叫做“安”。這里的安字又有安穩的意思,即要求平放的山石要放穩,不能被動搖,石下不穩處要用剝石實剎緊。“安”的手法主要用在要求山腳空透或在石下需要做眼的地方。根據安石下面支承石的多少,這種技法又分為單安、雙安和三安三種形式。單安:是把山石安放在一塊支承石上面。雙安:是以兩塊支承石做腳而安放山石的形式。三安:將安石平放在三塊分離的支承石之上就是三安。三安手法也可用于設置園林石桌石凳。
    "An" is the method of stacking stones by placing one or more stones on top of another. The word "An" here also means "stable", which means that the mountain stones that are laid flat should be placed stably and cannot be shaken, and the unstable places under the stones should be firmly braked with stone stripping. The "safety" technique is mainly used in places where the foot of the mountain is required to be empty or where an eye needs to be made under the stone. According to the number of supporting stones under the Anshi, this technique can be divided into three forms: single safety, double safety, and triple safety. Shan An: It is to place the mountain stone on a supporting stone. Shuang'an: It is a form of placing mountain stones with two supporting stones as feet. San'an: Placing Anshi flat on three separate supporting stones is San'an. The San'an technique can also be used to set garden stone tables and benches.
    【壓】為了穩定假山懸崖或使出挑的山石保持平衡,用重石鎮壓懸崖后部或出挑山石的后端,這種疊石方法就是“壓”。壓的時候,要注意使重石的位置落在挑石后部適當地方,使其既能壓實挑石,又不會由于壓得太靠后而導致挑石翹起翻倒?!惧e】即錯落疊石,山石和下石采取錯位相疊,而不是平齊疊放。“錯”的技法可以使層疊的山石更多變化,疊砌體表面更易形成溝槽、凹凸和參差的形體特征,使山形形象更加生動自然。
    園林假山制作
    In order to stabilize the rockery cliff or balance the overhanging rocks, use heavy stones to suppress the rear of the cliff or the overhanging rocks. This method of stacking stones is called "pressing". When pressing, it is necessary to pay attention to placing the center of gravity of the heavy stone at a suitable position at the rear of the rock, so that it can not only compact the rock, but also prevent the rock from tilting due to being pressed too far back. "Dislocation" refers to the staggered stacking of stones, where the mountain stones and the lower stones are stacked in a staggered manner rather than being stacked in a flat manner. The "wrong" technique can make more changes to the stacked stones, making it easier for the surface of the stacked masonry to form grooves, bumps, and uneven physical features, making the mountain image more vivid and natural.
    【搭】用長條形石或板狀石跨過其下方兩邊分離的山石,并蓋在分離山石之上的疊石技法稱為“搭”。“搭”的技法主要應用在假山上做石橋和對山洞蓋頂處理。所用的山石形狀一定要避免規則,要用自然形狀的長形石?!具B】山石之間水平銜接,稱為“連”。相連的山石在其連接處在茬口形狀和石面皺紋要盡可能相互吻合,能做到嚴絲合縫理想。多數情況下只能要求基本吻合。吻合的目的不僅在于求得山石外觀的整體性,更主要是為了再結構上渾然一體。茬口中的水泥砂漿一定要填塞飽滿,接縫表面應隨著石形變化而變化,而抹成平縫,以便于使山石完全練成整體。
    The technique of overlapping stones by crossing the separated rocks on both sides below them with elongated or plate-shaped stones and covering them is called "overlapping". The technique of "building" is mainly applied to making stone bridges on rockeries and coping with caves. The shape of the mountain stones used must avoid rules, and long stones with natural shapes should be used. "Lian" refers to the horizontal connection between mountains and stones, known as "Lian". The shape of the stubble and the wrinkles on the stone surface of the connected rocks at their joints should match each other as much as possible to achieve a perfect fit. In most cases, only a basic match is required. The purpose of matching is not only to achieve the integrity of the appearance of the mountain stone, but also to achieve a structural integration. The cement mortar in the stubble must be filled fully, and the joint surface should change with the stone shape, and be plastered into a flat joint to facilitate the complete formation of the rock as a whole.
    【夾】在上下兩層山石之間,塞進比較小塊的山石并用水泥砂漿固定下來,就可在兩層山石間做出洞穴和孔眼。這種技法稱為“夾”的疊石方法,其特點是二石上下相夾,所做孔眼如同水平槽縫狀。此外,在向直立的兩塊峰石之間塞進小石并加以固定,也是一種“夾”的方法。這種“夾”法的特點是二石左右相夾,所造成的孔洞主要是堅向槽孔。“夾”這一技法是假山造型中做眼的主要方法之一。
    [Clip] Between the upper and lower layers of rock, insert small pieces of rock and fix them with cement mortar to create caves and holes between the two layers of rock. This technique is called the "pinch" method of stacking stones, characterized by two stones being sandwiched up and down, and the holes made are like horizontal slots. In addition, inserting small stones between two upright peak stones and fixing them is also a "pinch" method. The characteristic of this "pinch" method is that the two stones are sandwiched between the left and right, and the resulting holes are mainly strongly oriented slots. The technique of "clipping" is one of the main methods of making eyes in rockery modeling.
    【挑】又叫“出挑”、“外挑”或“懸挑”是利用長形山石做挑石,橫向伸出于其下層山石之外,并以下層山石支承重量,再用另外的重石壓住挑石的后端,使挑石平衡地挑出。這是各類假山都運用很廣泛的一種山石堆疊方法。在出挑中,挑石的伸出長度一般可為其本身長度的三分之一到三分之二。挑出一層不夠遠,則還可繼續挑出一層數層。就現代的假山施工技術而言,一般都可以挑出2米多。出挑成功的關鍵,在于挑石的后端一定要用重石壓緊,這就是明代計成在談到做假山懸崖時所說的“等分平衡法”
    "Overhang", also known as "overhanging", "overhanging", or "overhanging", refers to the use of long shaped rocks as overhanging stones, which extend laterally beyond the underlying rocks, and the underlying rocks support the weight. Then, another heavy stone is used to press the rear end of the overhanging stone to make the overhanging stone evenly lift out. This is a widely used method for stacking rocks on various types of rockeries. In overhanging, the overhang length of the stone can generally be one-third to two-thirds of its own length. If one layer is not far enough, you can continue to pick one or several layers. In terms of modern rockery construction technology, it is generally possible to pick out more than 2 meters. The key to a successful challenge lies in the fact that the rear end of the challenge must be tightly pressed with heavy stones, which is what Ji Cheng of the Ming Dynasty called the "equal division balance method" when talking about making rockery cliffs
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