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    當前位置:首頁 > 新聞中心 > 行業新聞制作好庭院假山如何養護?

    制作好庭院假山如何養護?

    來源:/industry/646.html  更新時間:2023-07-07
    庭院千層石假山栽種植物的窟窿容量通常不大,因此盛土較少,故須特別留意避免植物干壞,平時宜放置在陰濕的地方,并常噴水,冬天收進室內。在搬動山石時,留意從底部著力,避免水泥膠合處開裂。
    The hole capacity of plants planted on the thousand story stone rockery in the courtyard is usually not large, so there is less soil in it. Therefore, special attention should be paid to avoid the plants from drying out. It is recommended to place them in a damp place and spray water frequently. They should be collected indoors in winter. When moving rocks, pay attention to applying force from the bottom to avoid cracking at the cement bonding point.
    千層石假山基礎施工流程是個比較復雜繁瑣的工作,要對于場地放線,然后開挖土方,后才能制作假山石材的假山工程,一起來學習一下步“場地放線”。啥叫場地放線,請看下面的放線圖.
    The construction process of a thousand story stone rockery foundation is a relatively complex and cumbersome task. Firstly, the site setting out needs to be carried out, followed by excavation of soil, and finally, the rockery project of producing rockery stones can be completed. Let's learn the first step of "site setting out" together. What is the site layout? Please refer to the layout diagram below
    依據千層石假山規劃圖紙定點放線。放線時,水池的玩概括應包含池壁厚度。為使施工便利,池外沿各邊加寬20-60CM,用石灰或黃沙放出起挖線,每隔3~11m(視水池巨細)打一層混凝土,并符號清楚。方形(含長方形)水池,直角處要校正,并起碼大三個樁,圓形水池,應先定出水池的中心點,再用線繩(滿足長)以該點為圓心,水池寬的一半為半徑(注意池壁厚度)劃圓,石灰標明,即可放出圓形概括。
    According to the planning drawings of the Thousand Storey Stone Rockery, set out at designated points. When setting out, the summary of the pool should include the thickness of the pool wall. For the convenience of construction, the outer edge of the pool is widened by 20-60cm, and the excavation line is set out with lime or yellow sand. A layer of concrete is poured every 3-11m (depending on the size of the pool), with clear symbols. For square (including rectangular) water tanks, the right angle should be corrected and at least three stakes larger. For circular water tanks, the center point of the tank should be determined first, and then a wire rope (meeting the length) should be used to center the tank. Half of the width of the water tank should be used as the radius (pay attention to the thickness of the tank wall) to draw a circle. Lime should be used to indicate the circular summary.
    二、池基開挖,這一步對于假山以后的來說十分的重要。
    2、 The excavation of the pool foundation is very important for the safety after the rockery.
    目前挖土方有人工挖土方和挖機挖土方兩種,一般來說千層石假山尺寸較大為了節省時間必須要用挖機,如果是室內,或者小型假山的話,可以使用人工來開挖,具體的要依據現場施工條件斷定挖方辦法。開挖時必定要思考池底和池壁的厚度。 如為下沉式水池,應做好池壁的維護,挖規劃標高后,池壁應整平并夯實,再鋪上一層小塊碎石、碎磚作為底座。假如池壁設置有沉泥池,應聯系池底開挖同時施工。
    濟南庭院景觀設計
    At present, there are two types of earthwork excavation: manual excavation and excavator excavation. Generally speaking, in order to save time, it is necessary to use excavators for the large size of the thousand layer stone rockery. If it is indoor or small rockery, manual excavation can be used. The specific excavation method should be determined based on the on-site construction conditions. When excavating, it is necessary to consider the thickness of the pool bottom and wall. If it is a sinking type pool, the maintenance of the pool wall should be done well. After excavation to the planned elevation, the pool wall should be leveled and compacted, and a layer of small crushed stones and bricks should be laid as the base. If there is a sedimentation tank set up on the pool wall, the excavation of the pool bottom should be carried out simultaneously.
    池基挖方會遇到排水疑問,選用基坑排水,沿池基邊挖成臨時性排水溝,并每隔必定間隔在池基外側設置集水井,再經過人工或機械抽水排走,以保證施工順利進行。
    When encountering drainage problems during the excavation of the pool foundation, a foundation pit is selected for drainage, and temporary drainage ditches are excavated along the edge of the pool foundation. Water collection wells are set up on the outer side of the pool foundation at regular intervals, and then manually or mechanically pumped away to ensure smooth construction.
    三、池壁施工:
    3、 Pool wall construction:
    做水泥池壁尤其是矩形鋼筋混凝土赤壁時,應先做模板以固定之,池壁厚15~25cm,水泥成分與池底同。當矩形池壁較厚時,內外膜可在鋼筋綁扎結束后一次立好。澆搗混凝土時操作人員可進入模內振搗,并使用串筒將混凝土灌入,分層澆搗。矩形池壁拆模后,應將外露的止水螺栓頭割去。
    When making cement pool walls, especially rectangular reinforced concrete red walls, a template should be made first to fix them. The thickness of the pool wall is 15-25cm, and the cement composition is the same as the bottom of the pool. When the rectangular pool wall is thick, the inner and outer membranes can be erected at once after the steel bars are tied. When pouring and compacting concrete, operators can enter the mold to vibrate, and use a string cylinder to pour the concrete into it, pouring and compacting in layers. After dismantling the rectangular pool wall, the exposed sealing bolt heads should be cut off.
    四、池底施工:
    4、 Construction of pool bottom:
    混凝土池底構造的水池,如其形狀對比規整,則60m內可不做伸縮縫。如形狀改變較大,則在其長度約30M處并在其斷面狹隘處,做伸縮縫。
    For the pool with concrete bottom structure, if its shape is relatively regular, no Expansion joint can be made within 60m. If the shape changes greatly, Expansion joint shall be made at its length of about 30M and at its narrow section.
    混凝土墊層澆完隔3~5天(視施工時溫度而定),在墊層面測量斷定地板中間,然后依據規劃尺度進行放線,定出柱基一級底板的邊線畫出鋼筋布線,依線綁扎鋼筋,接著裝置柱基和底板外圍的模板。
    After pouring the concrete cushion layer every 3-5 days (depending on the temperature during construction), measure and determine the middle of the floor on the cushion surface, and then set out according to the planned scale. Draw the edge line of the first level bottom plate of the column base, draw the steel bar wiring, tie the steel bars according to the line, and then install the formwork around the column base and bottom plate.
    在綁扎鋼筋時,應具體檢查鋼筋的直徑、距離、方位、搭接長度、上基層鋼筋的距離、維護層及埋件的方位和數量,看其是不是符合規劃要求。上基層鋼筋均使用鐵掌(鐵馬凳)加以固定,使之在澆搗過程中不發生改變。如鋼筋過水后生銹,應進行除銹。
    When binding steel bars, specific checks should be made on their diameter, distance, orientation, overlapping length, distance from the upper base reinforcement, orientation and quantity of maintenance layers and embedded parts to see if they meet the planning requirements. The upper base reinforcement is fixed with iron feet (iron horse stools) to ensure that it does not change during the pouring and compaction process. If the steel bars rust after being exposed to water, rust removal should be carried out.
    五、假山施工:
    5、 Rockery construction:
    在混凝土沒有徹底凝結之前,懸空的千層石頭需要用樹支持。
    Before the concrete is completely set, the hanging thousand layers of stones need to be supported by trees.
    依照假山規劃圖進行放線、挖基,然后依據事前符號的方位,把大塊千層石頭進行擺放、堆砌。需要注意的是假山石頭粘接的方式選用混凝土有色砂漿,假山膠接多選用水泥,水泥的標號越高越好。
    According to the rockery planning map, set out and excavate the foundation, and then place and stack large layers of stones according to the orientation of the prior symbols. It should be noted that the bonding method for rockery stones is to use concrete colored mortar, while the bonding method for rockeries is mostly to use cement. The higher the cement grade, the better.
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