Stack 假山 in 園林。由于受占地面積和空間的限制，假山的總體布局和造型設計往往借鑒繪畫中的“三距”原則，以短距離表現千里之外。所謂“三遠”，即崇高、深遠、和平。
Stack rockery in the garden. Due to the limitations of land area and space, the overall layout and design of rockeries often draw inspiration from the "three distance" principle in painting, expressing a thousand miles away in a short distance. The so-called "Three Distances" refer to loftiness, profoundness, and peace.
High: Based on the principle of perspective, the method of looking up is used to create a magnificent and steep mountain landscape with thousands of cliffs. In terms of layout, it is high in the west and low in the east. A cliff is formed at the pool in the west, and the water with low water level and small pool surface is used as a backdrop. In this narrow space, it is like being in front of a mountain abyss. In addition, it is thick and old, with vertical seams resembling quartz sandstone, stacked using the axe splitting method of Chinese painting, standing tall and powerful, full of natural weathering aesthetic taste.
Profound: It represents a mountainous landscape with continuous mountains, or two mountains standing side by side, and interlocking teeth, characterized by rich layers and deep scenery. If Gaoyuan focuses on facade design, then the profound expression is the vertical advancement in graphic design. In nature, such as due to the cutting of rivers, the topography of deep mountain canyons gives people a profound and steep beauty. The valleys, canyons, and deep streams designed in garden rockeries are imitations of these natural landscapes.
Pingyuan: Based on the principle of perspective, the mountain landscape of Pinggang Mountain is presented in a well-arranged and winding manner. Profound mountains and rivers emphasize the depth and level of mountain scenery, while plain mountains and rivers pursue the effect of rolling hills, giving people a feeling of continuous and rippling mountains and rivers, characterized by leisure, beauty, and relaxation.
In the design of garden rockeries, the "three distances" mentioned above are all considered from a certain perspective in a certain space. It focuses on the relationship between sight distance and the volume and proportion of the rockery. Sometimes the same rockery may have different aesthetic effects when viewed from different distances and angles.
2. The principle of rockery adapting the design to local conditions:
The shape and color of the rockery design should be coordinated with the surrounding terrain and architecture, because "mountains in the mountains, bones in the rocks, bedding in the forest, and spirits in the water". The materials and practices of rocks actually indicate the existence of a geological structure. Covered with soil, gravel, and vegetation, people can only feel the shape and direction of the mountain forest. If the cover is removed, the 'mountain bones' will come out.
Therefore, the selection of rocks should comply with the requirements of the overall plan and be coordinated with the entire terrain. For example, if planning requires a desert garden, it is not suitable to use lake rocks because there is not much water there and it is difficult to detect karst phenomena. The key to rockery design lies in the originality of the builders, which can save costs and coordinate with the surrounding environment.
3. The rockery design respects the principles of feng shui:
Chinese feng shui has rich connotations in ancient Chinese philosophy, aesthetics, psychology, geology, geography, ecological landscapes, and other aspects. Its core content is the unity of heaven and man. Feng Shui theory emphasizes the harmony and unity between cultural and natural landscapes in landscape design; In terms of the environment, special attention is paid to the harmony and unity between the artificial natural environment and the natural environment.
Generally speaking, the design of rockeries should follow two principles: first, north, east, southeast, and southwest, surrounded by passing Yin and Yang who enjoy watching the sand; On the other side is the side of the Kong Xuan Star Plate where the stars are thriving. These directions must be determined based on the specific direction of the park. Generally, it is necessary to carefully consider the principles of feng shui. The size, orientation, and shape are all emphasized, and attention should be paid to the overall and coordinated nature of the area.